Type 2 Diabetes Patients Who Face Food Insecurity Have Poorer Diabetes Management
Type 2 diabetes patients that often don’t have enough money for food have worse blood sugar control than people that don’t have to worry about eating, according to a new study. Healthy eating is an essential part of blood sugar management and for patients that have problems with food accessibility, this can jeopardize their abilities to adequate manage blood sugar levels.
The study was performed by Britt Rotberg, assistant director of the Emory Diabetes Education Training Academy and the Emory Latino Diabetes Education Program in Atlanta. The findings were presented at an American Diabetes Association meeting in Boston and the results should be considered preliminary until the study has been posted to a peer-reviewed journal.
For roughly 14 percent of households in the United States, having enough food, also known as food insecurity is a persistent worry. There are roughly 26 percent of black households in the United States that face food insecurity, while roughly 24 percent of Hispanic households suffer from food insecurity. In white households, the figure is lower with 10 percent of households facing food insecurity. However, the figures show that food insecurity is a significant problem for Type 2 diabetes patients.
In the study, the researchers looked at Type 2 diabetes patients that had been determined to be food insecure and found that food insecure people were not eating as many vegetables. In addition, they were also eating more processed and fast foods. A1C levels in diabetic patients who were food secure averaged 7.6 percent. In those who were food insecure, the A1C average was almost 10 percent.
The findings of the study suggest that more educational initiatives need to be made in helping people to make healthier choices and also help them to gain access to food in cases where food insecurity is preventing them from making better choices.
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