Number of Type 1 Diabetes Cases Increases in the United States
A new study has shown that the number of cases of Type 1 diabetes is increasing. Researchers are not yet sure while the numbers of Type 1 diabetes are increasing. Type 1 diabetes tends to occur mainly in children and has also been associated with genetic factors. Currently the majority of the individuals with diabetes living in the United States are affected by Type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes was previously known as juvenile onset diabetes. The typical age for diagnosis of the disease is 9 to 11. However, roughly 50 percent of the cases of Type 1 diabetes are diagnosed in people that are over the age of 20. Type 2 diabetes tends to develop slowly over many years. While Type 1 diabetes tends to develop suddenly in children. Type 2 diabetes accounts for roughly 90 to 95 percent of the cases of diabetes.
Researchers will need to look into the exact reason for the increase. However, increases have grown from 4.4 per 100,000 children in 2002 to 27.4 per 100,000 children in 2009. Children of 5 to 9 years of age make up the majority of cases of type 1 diabetes most recently diagnosed. There were also additional increases found for children of ages 10 to 19 years.
The fact that Type 1 diabetes cases are growing could mean additional pressure on the healthcare system. Young people that are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes will likely require specialized medical care on a regular basis.
In addition to the increased risk of hospitalization, Type 1 diabetes patients also require medical equipment, such as insulin pumps and other treatments to assist them in managing their illnesses. Diabetes can result in a number of complications including blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage, heart attack and other ailments. These outcomes can be delayed or avoided with proper medical care and management of the disease.