Type 1 Diabetes Children More Like to Suffer Mental Illness
A new Swedish study has indicated that kids that have Type 1 diabetes are more likely to suffer from mental illness or a suicide attempt. The lead researcher on the study was Agnieszka Butwicka of the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.
Butwicka said that the team went into the study suspecting that there would be a higher risk of developing psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. However, they were instead surprised to find that the risk of developing all kinds of psychiatric disorders was high. These findings indicate the fact that it is not as easy as simply applying the results of adult diabetes studies to kids. Butwicka says that diabetes studies need to focus on children and adults as separate groups.
There are over 200,000 kids in the United States that had diabetes as of 2012. The majority of those children had been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Juvenile diabetes was the previous name of the condition which is now known as Type 1 diabetes.
As a part of the study, the researchers looked at a national register of nearly 20,000 children that had been born in Sweden between the years 1973 and 2009. These children all had been diagnosed with diabetes. The children where then compared to roughly 1,000,000 healthy children. The patients were then reviewed for diagnoses of common psychiatric disorders including, suicide attempts, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, ADHD and autism.
Roughly 8 percent of the children that had been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes also had a psychiatric disorder. Those children with Type 1 diabetes were also two times more likely to be diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder by the age of 18 and nearly twice as likely to attempt suicide. The findings were published to the journal, Diabetes Care.
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