Glucose Control Can Reduce Mortality Rates in Type 1 Diabetes Patients

A new study that was recently published has indicated that Type 1 diabetes that manage their blood glucose levels closely are likely to live longer than the people that don’t. The study was published to the January 6th issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. The researchers on the study found that people who managed their blood glucose levels for the first seven years following a diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes were less likely to die by 33 percent.


Roughly 30 million people in the United States currently have diabetes. According to a report done in 2014 by the CDC, roughly 5 percent of these patients have Type 1 diabetes. The study looked at data from Diabetes Control and Complications Trial and the Epidemiology of Diabetes Control and Complications Research Group. At the end of the trial, which latest from 1983 to 1993, the researchers followed up with participants as a part of an observational study that ended in 2012.


The study included roughly 1,400 individuals with diabetes that ranged from ages 13 to 39 at the start of the study. As a part of the trial, the participants were randomly assigned to intensive diabetes therapies designed to control blood sugar levels as close to normal ranges as possible. Once the DCCT study ending the researchers had the patients return their physicians normal recommendations for diabetic care.


After following up for 27 years on average, it was determined that the initial intensive therapy treatments had resulted in a lower mortality rate for those patients when compared with conventional treatments for diabetes. The researchers say that more testing is needed as the almost all of the study participants were white and the intensive control group also had an unexplained higher rate of accidents and suicides not associated with diabetes.

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