Diet and Exercise Can Prevent Diabetes in Men and Women

A new analysis has shown that lifestyle changes and medicines are both effective at helping prediabetic patients to delay or eliminate the risk of type 2 diabetes from developing. Research that was done previously indicated that lifestyle changes are effective for helping to lower blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels are a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. In addition, the lifestyle changes that have the greatest impact on eliminating the diabetes risk include eating a healthy diet and getting exercise on a regular basis.


However, the effects of gender on the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions is unknown because it has yet to be studied. According to the researchers, Dr. Anna Glechner, of Danube University Krems, and Dr. Jurgen Harreiter, of the Medical University of Vienna, the study is the first review of the differences that sex can pay in the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in prediabetic individuals.


The researchers looked at data from more than 7,000 and 5,000 men. This data was gathered from 12 different studies. In the data analysis men and women that had undergone a change in lifestyle in order to prevent diabetes were less likely by 40 percent to have diabetes after a year, and 37 percent of those men and women were also less likely to have developed diabetes after three years. These findings were compared with prediabetic individuals who failed to make the changes in lifestyle.


Men and women with prediabetes that make lifestyle changes were also determined to have lost additional weight and also saw greater reductions with regard to blood sugar levels. Medications that can assist with lowering blood sugar levels were also proven to be effective for reducing the risk of developing diabetes. These studies were published on November 27, 2014 to the journal Diabetologia.


The findings demonstrate that gender does not have an impact on the effectiveness of prediabetes interventions that are important for reducing the risk of developing diabetes. In addition, the researchers also recommended that clinicians focus on dealing with gender disparities in other areas of treatment such as the differences in the quality of care for type 2 diabetes patients. The higher rate of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged men when compared with middle-aged women should also be examined.

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