What is Type 2 Diabetes?
There are two basic types of diabetes—although individual diagnoses may include more specific types, depending on the cause—type one diabetes and type two diabetes. In type one diabetes, the body does not produce very much or in some cases any insulin, due to an autoimmune response on the part of the body. The situation is very different in type two diabetes. In this disease, the body produces insulin; however, the liver, fat and muscle cells do not respond correctly to the hormone. As a result, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy. Where the symptoms of type one diabetes are generally sudden and severe, the symptoms of type two diabetes often take a long time to develop, and aren’t as readily diagnosed or suspected until the disease has progressed to some degree. Formerly, type two diabetes was called “adult onset diabetes,” or “noninsulin-dependent diabetes,” two terms that have been phased out in medical literature because there are a large number of children being diagnosed with the condition and because there are some type two diabetics who do require insulin medication. Patients with type two diabetes can find all of the supplies for diabetes that they require from a range of different diabetic supply companies.
The early symptoms of type two diabetes are difficult to detect, but they include bladder, kidney, skin or other infections that are frequent or which heal slowly; in addition, fatigue, hunger, increased thirst and urination occur as part of the developing condition. The first symptom that patients typically notice is blurred vision, erectile dysfunction, or pain and numbness in the extremities. Typically, type two diabetes is diagnosed after it had started, often in the context of routine blood tests as part of a patient’s annual physical. Your healthcare provider may suspect that you have diabetes if your blood sugar level is higher than 200mg/dL; this will lead him or her to perform some additional tests, including a fasting blood glucose level, hemoglobin A1c test, or an oral glucose tolerance test.
The foundation of managing the disease is a change in lifestyle. Proper diet and exercise are the bedrock of diabetic care for both type one and type two diabetes patients; importantly for those with type two diabetes, aerobic exercise leads to improved insulin sensitivity. While there are controversies as to which diet in particular is best for those with type two diabetes, a low glycemic index diet has been found to improve blood sugar control. While most type two diabetics do not initially require insulin and the accessories that go with it (such as insulin pump supplies, insulin syringes, and insulin pen needles), there are several classes of medication that may be prescribed to those with the disease. Injections of insulin may be required in addition to the different oral medications if blood sugar management is not achieved with oral medication alone.
A diagnosis of type two diabetes can be frightening, no matter what age it’s received at. Type two diabetics should work hard to ensure that they follow a management and treatment program, including making changes to their diet and exercise routines. In addition, they should be aware that there are several diabetic supply companies which exist to make it easier and more convenient for patients to receive their diabetic accessories and the medications they need.