Type One Diabetes
Although we hear about diabetes each and every day it is not something that we ask questions about until the time comes that we are diagnosed with the disease. This is when we are looking for answers and trying to better understand what causes the disease as well as how to take care of ourselves in order to live a healthier lifestyle. Type 1 diabetes happens when the body’s own immune system does not work correctly and kills the cells, which produce insulin (also known as beta cells) in the pancreas. This also puts stress on the body as well and so begins the cycle.
The role of insulin is to move nutrients such as sugar through the body. When insulin is not or cannot be produced, the sugar and nutrients are moved through the body as they are required. This causes sugar to build up the blood as opposed to entering the cells that need it. The cells of course go hungry from lack of the necessary nutrients, which in turn causes other systems to step up to the plate, take over and try to give the body the energy that it needs. This is where high blood sugar begins in the body. Naturally, this is also a concern as it leads to stress on the other organs of the body.
There are many down sides to high blood sugar such as dehydration, weight loss and body damage both inside and out. In addition, type 1 diabetes does not discriminate when it comes to race, age or gender. It is known that inheritance is one of the biggest reasons for type 1 diabetes however, because it is an autoimmune disorder there is no known specific cause for the disease. It may occur due to another autoimmune issue that the patient has or may be possibly linked to something in the environment. Unfortunately, it is not yet completely understood what the cause is, or why some develop it and others do not. What is certain is that trying to stay healthy is key to preventing the onset of type 1 diabetes.
For someone that has not yet been diagnosed with diabetes, there are many different signs to look out for. These include dry mouth, feeling as though your thirst is never quenched, abdominal pain, going to the bathroom more often, blurry vision, never feeling full, getting infections more often and even having trouble breathing. You may even find that you have started losing weight although you are eating more. Although these are some of the basic signs of type 1 diabetes, there are also signs which are more severe and could require a trip to the emergency room. These include fainting, confusion and shaking, breath smelling fruity and breathing fast.
The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is determined through different types of blood tests. These include your urine and your blood. If it is determined that you are diabetic, the doctor will then prescribe you the medications needed in order to put you and your body back on the right track.
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