Blood Sugar, Diabetes, and Your Liver

blood-sugar-meterYour liver is an essential organ in your body. Not only does it provide a source of fuel for your body but it also aids in the process of keeping the blood sugar levels flowing as well as other fuels that you need on a constant basis. However amazing it may seem, the liver not only gives you a storage spot for your glucose but it also makes it. It all depends on what your body is telling it that you need. This of course is determined by your insulin and glucagon hormones. Depending upon what your body is telling the liver while you are eating is what determines the action that it performs.

Of course during your down time such as when you are sleeping or outside of mealtimes, your body is going to need to make sugar on its own. This is one of those times that the liver steps up and turns the glycogen in your body into sugar with glycogenolysis. Of course the liver is very resourceful and can also use waste products, amino acids and fat byproducts, turning them into sugar as well with gluconeogenesis. When insulin resistance is detected and a patient has diabetes, these processes do not work they way that they are supposed to. Either there is not enough insulin made or there is not enough in storage. Of course it is possible that insulin is not made at all, of course. This is where diabetes steps in, rears its ugly head and says Iā€™m here to stay.

There are parts of the body that require sugar on a regular basis. These include the red blood cells, parts of your kidneys and the brain. If your sugar levels are low, the body will begin to put your sugar in reserve for the organs in your body that need it the most. The liver will start to create an energy supply known as ketones. This is done from the fats already in your body. The ketones that are produced from your liver are used as the energy that you need for your organs or the muscles in your body. The sugar that is still in your body gets stored away for the essential supply of those organs that need it regularly, as a reserve.

Of course taking care of yourself and managing your diabetes is a big step in keeping your liver healthy so that things can run the way that they are supposed to. However, being diabetic puts a lot of stress on your body and increases your risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This is when the fat that is in excess in your body starts to build up in the liver (no, you do not need to have any alcohol for this to take place). Naturally it is important to try and take care of your liver the best that you can in order for it to do its job and cooperate with any medications that you may be taking for the diabetes.

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