Thyroid Disease and Diabetes
One of the most common autoimmune diseases for the adult population is thyroid disease. The chances of risk increase the older that we get and there is a higher risk for women. Patients who are diabetic are at a higher risk for a thyroid disorder as they are both autoimmune disorders and when there is one, there is a greater possibility for another to follow. Although type 1 diabetic women are at a higher risk rate than men, type 2 diabetes patients (higher risk for women) are also known to be diagnosed with hypothyroidism, a thyroid disorder.
There are different forms of thyroid disorder and hypothyroidism is the one that is diagnosed the most often. It is known to cause difficulty in controlling the glycemic levels which will mean that the patient may need to increase the amount of insulin that they are currently taking. Physicians are cautious when it comes to prescribing medications and treatment plans for patients who are both diabetic and have a thyroid disorder. Several things need to be taken into consideration. In patients with hyperthyroidism, the intolerance of glucose needs to be looked at carefully. Also, someone who is experiencing hyperglycemia should be tested for hyperthyroidism as an underlying culprit and lastly, the control of the glycemic levels should also be monitored closely for any drastic changes in the numbers.
The diagnosis of a thyroid disorder in a diabetic patient may not be as easy as you would think. There are signs and symptoms of the disorder however they are also reflections of diabetes as well. These include weight gain or sudden loss, fatigue or even an increase in appetite. A blood test can be taken and if certain antibodies are found it can indicate that a thyroid disorder is present. Naturally the earlier that it is detected the better so that a treatment plan can be put into effect as soon as possible.
Medication is prescribed to bring the thyroid under control and make it healthy once again. The amount and type of medication will depend upon the individual and should be checked and tested for any changes in dosage that need to be made. If it is possible, the physician may suggest for the patient to undergo radioactive iodine therapy for the thyroid disorder. This can be prescribed in a liquid form. The thyroid will absorb the liquid and in turn the tissue of the thyroid is destroyed. This treatment has no effect on other tissues of the body and the liquid is removed from your blood stream each time you urinate.
Early diagnosis and treatment of a thyroid disorder is critical since it can have a serious affect on glucose level management. Without treatment it is possible that you may make changes to your insulin amounts and find that you are not getting the results needed. By managing and treating your thyroid disorder as well as your diabetes you will not only be able to get your thyroid issues under control, it will also be easier to maintain control of your diabetes as well.
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