Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes
When a trip to the doctor’s office ends up with a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes it is a frightening thing for anyone. Most have heard about diabetes but may not be aware of what the treatments are or what they need to do next in order to get and stay healthy. There are several things that work together in combination in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle with diabetes. These are diet, exercise and of course the medications that are given by your doctor. Getting your blood glucose levels under control and managed is the most important thing that can be done when it comes to type 1 diabetes. Finding the right combination is key to management of the disease.
Insulin is the number one medication that is prescribed for the disease. By taking it as directed by the doctor, you can help to prevent other serious complications. These could include concerns with the eyes, kidneys, blood vessels and even the nerves. Many doctors choose to prescribe intensive insulin therapy; however there are concerns with this treatment. It can not only pose a concern for low blood sugar but it can also cause the patient to gain weight. Naturally this brings on the extra worry of type 2 diabetes as well as heart disease and even cholesterol and blood pressure levels as well. Additional medical concerns can complicate the disease even further bringing danger.
When taking insulin, it is important to know that there are 2 steps to the process. One of them is the basal administration which attempts to give the body the insulin that it needs during the entire day. There is insulin glargine which is taken twice a day, and there is a short acting insulin that is administered throughout the day with the use of a pump. In order to get control over the blood glucose levels the patient should check their levels throughout the day, at least 4 or more times. The type of diet that the patient is on should coordinate with the times and the amount of insulin that they are taking. They may need more at breakfast or perhaps at dinnertime depending on the situation.
In addition, there are different types of insulin that a person may need to take. These include regular, intermediate and long acting insulin. Regardless of the type that you take they each need to be administered through injection, they cannot be taken orally. The juices in the digestive tract kill the medicine. Depending on the patient’s lifestyle and the level of the diabetes it may be possible that a combination of the various types of insulin may be used to keep the levels under control each day.
The method in which you take the insulin is something that you and your doctor should decide upon. You can use a pump, a pen or the old fashioned needle. It is important to find the method that suits your lifestyle and your needs with the disease. Your doctor is the best resource for this.