The Link of Bipolar Disorder and Diabetes
If a patient is diagnosed with bipolar disorder the first course of action should be to put them on medication to help keep it under control. Bipolar disorder is a medical condition that can cause depression and many other symptoms and left untreated it is possible for the patient to become out of control and harm themselves and possibly others. However, there are many different medications for the disease that can also contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. It is important to know about the side effects of the medications that the doctor is going to prescribe.
Although not all medications for bipolar disorder are linked to type 2 diabetes, there are a few that have side effects such as insulin resistance, causing blood glucose levels to become too high and even weight gain which are all associated with diabetes. These medications include, but are not limited to, Clozapine, Risperidone, Lithium and Olanzapine. You will find that each medication has its own set of symptoms. For instance Clozapine is associated with hyperglycemia and weight gain and Lithium is associated with transient hyperglycemia. For a patient who has not been diagnosed with diabetes this can be a trigger and for someone who already has diabetes the medications can compound the situation.
Both diabetes and bipolar disorder are lifelong diseases for a patient which need to be monitored and kept under control. Constant monitoring of blood sugar levels and/or taking medication do become a part of the normal and regular routine in order to stay healthy. However, if someone has only been diagnosed with bipolar the importance of the medication that they are taking goes without saying. It is important to start out with medications that are not linked to diabetes for the bipolar to see they are effective first. This can help to alleviate the threat of a second medical condition for the patient.
Of course if these options do not work and one of the other medications needs to be prescribed, the patient should be monitored closely. This includes their weight, blood glucose levels, insulin resistance and cholesterol levels. If something seems strange it may be possible to make a change before diabetes has a chance to set in and bring further complications to an already stressful situation. All patients who are at a higher risk for diabetes should be monitored closely once they start any type of medication regimen.
Although bipolar disorder and type 2 diabetes are linked, they do not go hand in hand and the patient does not have to suffer from both. Close observation of medication, diet and exercise can help in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and keep things under control. Again, it is vital to ask questions about the medication being prescribed in order to know all of the possible side effects and symptoms. Knowledge is power when it comes to your health and making sure that you are getting exactly what you need. It can help you to take better care of yourself and to avoid further issues with your health.
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