Diabetes Associated with Nerve Damage
There are many different diseases and medical complications that are linked to diabetes; one of which is nerve damage. This disorder may not be present in the beginning stages of diabetes; however, over time it can show up out of nowhere and become a problem if not treated quickly. It is possible that someone may not show any signs or symptoms even if there is a problem, especially early on, but for those that do experience symptoms, they may have numbness, pain, tingling, and loss of feeling in limbs such as the legs, feet, arms and even the hands. It is possible that the damage can affect other organs as well, including the heart and sex organs.
The cause of nerve damage is not due to one specific set of factors, however, it is possible that high blood glucose levels that are present for an extended period of time may be a contributing factor. Other possibilities are low levels of insulin, autoimmune disorders, injuries to nerves, factors that are inherited and even the lifestyle of the patient, such as drinking alcohol or smoking.
When it comes to the symptoms, you may not experience any at all, but if you do, the first sign is usually in the feet, and there is pain or tingling. Other signs and symptoms that may appear are constant nausea, indigestion or vomiting, problems with urinating, weakness, erectile dysfunction in men or vaginal dryness in women, a drop in blood pressure when you stand up, deterioration of muscles in your feet and or hands, and of course, the numbness, tingling, and pain in the fingers, toes, hands, legs, feet and arms. It is very possible that the patient may also experience depression and/or weight loss as well, although these are not symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. You may experience more than one symptom.
There are different types of diabetic neuropathy that you need to be aware of. The most common type is peripheral neuropathy. This is when there is pain in the legs, hands, arms, toes and feet and even possibly the loss of feeling.
Autonomic neuropathy is when there are problems with perspiration, sex, digestion and function in the bowels and bladder. It can prevent you from knowing when your blood glucose levels are off.
Proximal neuropathy will bring pain to the buttocks, hips and thighs, and can make your legs weak. Lastly, focal neuropathy can affect any and all of the nerves in the body, and will attack just one or a group of them. It causes pain and muscle weakness.
For someone that experiences any of the signs and symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, it is vital to get to the doctor immediately in order to start a treatment program as quickly as possible. The longer you wait, the more damage that can occur, which may be irreversible. It is important to speak with your doctor to better understand all of the signs and symptoms, and to see what you may be able to do to prevent them.
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