What You Need to Know About Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is diagnosed when there is too much sugar in the blood. It is a disease that the patient will live with for the rest of their lives as there is no known cure. Most often it is diagnosed in those that are adolescent; however, it can be diagnosed at any age. The cause of too much sugar is when the beta cells give little to no insulin for the body to use. Glucose begins to build up in the blood, which means that the body is not getting any energy and this is the beginning of type 1 diabetes.
There are many signs of this type of diabetes that can occur in the beginning. These include being hungry more often, always feeling thirsty, never having any energy or feeling fatigued, sudden weight loss without explanation, going to the bathroom more often and getting a tingling feeling in your feet or possibly losing the feeling altogether. These symptoms can also occur when the sugar in the blood is too high as well. If you find that you are experiencing one or more of these symptoms, you should make a trip to the doctor.
Other symptoms for the beginning of type 1 diabetes, or when the blood sugar reaches an extremely high level, are more serious. These include vomiting and/or nausea with trouble holding down liquids, pain in the stomach area, breath having a fruity odor, the mouth being dry as well as your skin, breathing becoming rapid and deep and the face looking flushed. As you can see, these symptoms can become more serious and if you are experiencing any of these for a period of time, getting to the doctor can be lifesaving.
High blood sugar is something that the doctor tells you to watch out for but it is also important to look out for low blood sugar. This can bring on hypoglycemia and generally occurs in those who are taking insulin. If the blood sugar drops too low, the patient could experience shaking, weakness, sweating, nervousness, headaches, hunger and their heartbeat becoming rapid. It is important to increase the blood sugar level in order to bring the body back to normal and if the treatment is put off too long, the patient could end up in the hospital.
Getting a plan together with your doctor as soon as possible is important to managing your diabetes and feeling healthy. You should learn about how to take your medication and, as an emergency back-up plan, teach a close relative or friend how to give you your medication in case something were to happen and you are not able to give yourself the shot. Learning how to make adjustments in your medication for the foods that you are eating and when you are going to exercise can help you to manage things much easier. Understanding what the signs and symptoms are if your blood sugar is not where it needs to be will also help you to keep the diabetes under control.
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