The Effects on Metabolism with Diabetes

Effects on Metabolism with DiabetesMetabolism plays a role in our bodies in many different ways. We all associate it with the ability to be able to lose weight but in those that are diabetic it works much differently. It is also going to depend on whether or not you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes as to how your metabolism is going to affect you. Although there are many commonalities between those with and those without diabetes and metabolism, the biggest difference is the amount of insulin that your body produces and the way that your body uses it and part whether or not you are insulin resistant.

Knowing the process of how metabolism works can help you to better understand its method. Of course first you eat; the carbohydrates are turned into glucose and then go into the bloodstream. Your pancreas then reacts to the food in the body and starts to release the insulin that you need which in turn lets the glucose move from the bloodstream to the cells. Once the body releases the insulin, beta cells that are in the pancreas will begin working on making new insulin to be released if needed. However, if the levels of blood sugar get low, glucagon will be released as well. This is when you may need to increase or decrease the amount of insulin you take.

In patients that have either type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes and are also overweight tend to make more insulin than those that are not patients. When you are overweight the body is not able to use the insulin correctly known as insulin resistance. This of course tells the body that there is not enough insulin so it works harder to make more in order to make up the difference. Over a long period of time the beta cells will no longer be able to do their job from being worked too much and too hard. Type 2 diabetes patients are reliant upon their metabolism being able to work correctly for the proper use of insulin. However, the pancreas needs to do its job as well.

For patients that are type 1 diabetic, their metabolism is going to rely upon the insulin coming in the form of a pump or an injection. The object is to get the insulin delivered into the body in the right amounts and in the right amount of time so that the metabolism works much as the same as someone without diabetes. However this is very hard to accomplish and therefore the result can often be blood sugar levels that are too high or too low. It is also important to keep in mind that the fat storage of the body is also affected by insulin. If a patient with type 1 diabetes manages to have insulin resistance they are considered to have double diabetes.

Although the metabolism works a little differently for those with type 1, type 2 and pre-diabetes or for someone that does not have diabetes, it is important to know how to manage it.

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