The Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

type 1 type 2 diabetesFor someone who thinks that they may have diabetes or knows someone that may have diabetes, understanding the difference between type 1 and type 2 along with the signs may be helpful and keep things organized. When someone is diabetic it means that the pancreas does not produce any or very little insulin and/or the body is not using the insulin that is produced in the way that it should. This is the cause of high blood sugar levels and if not treated it can also lead to diabetic retinopathy and maybe even blindness, heart disease including stroke and heart attack, kidney failure and diabetic neuropathy which includes possible amputation and diarrhea.

In type 1 diabetes, which used to be called juvenile diabetes, there is very little to no insulin made by the pancreas. This type of diabetes is generally diagnosed before the 20th birthday and approximately 10% of the people diagnosed with diabetes overall are type 1. With this type either the pancreas will produce a small amount of insulin, or the patient is insulin resistant, or it could be a combination of both. At one time the diagnosis was usually made after the age of 40 however with the rate of obesity and lack of exercise patients are becoming younger.

Although the symptoms of type 1 diabetes do not hide themselves, type 2 symptoms are out there for the world to see. For type 1 you may constantly feel hungry, lose weight for no reason, feel constantly tired, always feel thirsty, have blurry vision, constant nausea or vomiting and always be feeling irritable. Type 2 symptoms include skin and yeast infections which do not easily clear up, sores that do not want to heal, gaining weight for no reason, feeling numb or tingly in your feet, cramping and pain and your skin becoming dry and itchy.

Blood and urine tests are done to confirm both types of diabetes. For those with type 1 diabetes you will need to take insulin injections several times a day, take exercise each day and eat a healthy diet. You will need to make sure that you get the right amount of carbs, fats, protein, fiber and cholesterol. In type 2 diabetes, exercise and diet are tried first to get it under control. If they do not work, oral medications may be given and possibly insulin. Again, it is important to eat a proper healthy diet and get the right amount of exercise each and every day.

Even though there are similarities between both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the differences that set them apart are crucial in the diagnosis and treatment for the disease. It is important to understand that each person is treated on an individual basis as no two people are the same when it comes to their blood sugar levels. Seek the advice of a doctor if you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of to either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Early detection is important to avoid other medical conditions and to get control over the disease.

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