Understanding Diabetes in Children

diabetic childrenNo matter what the problem may be, when our children are sick, the first thing we want to do is find a way to make them better. When there is a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, there are many things that start to run through a parent’s mind and there are many questions that need to be answered. Of course, things are going to change and there are lifestyle changes that need to be made. But there can be a sense of normalcy, even when diabetes has become a factor. Knowing the facts, and all of the important information to be armed, can make things easier.

Learning about the insulin that they will need to take is one of the most important things that you can do. No matter if they are going to have the medication injected or if they are going to be using an insulin pump, you will need to learn the dosage that they need to take. You will also learn that they should eat at the same time each day, or at least as close to the same time as possible. The rapid acting insulin will be taken at meal times in order to work with the carbohydrates that they eat.

Making sure that the blood glucose level is checked at regular times is vital to managing the disease. The two most important check-in times are before they eat and right before they go to bed. Your doctor will let you know what the appropriate level is for your child so you will know just what to look for. Keeping a journal of the results each time you take the test is a great way to know when the insulin dosage may need to be adjusted such as when they are playing sports or eating certain types of foods.

Learning how to manage their blood sugar is important in order to keep them healthy. A low blood sugar level, which is known as hypoglycemia, has certain symptoms that you should watch out for. These include lack of coordination, weakness or shaking, and irritability. Depending on the age of your child, it is possible that you may not be able to recognize if their sugar is low so if you are not sure, it is always best to test. If you find that the count is low, you can give them something to counteract it such as a few pieces of candy, jelly beans, a half cup of juice, or even some soda.

By instilling proper eating habits and watching the amount of exercise that your child has, you will be able to manage their blood sugar levels easier and help to prevent them from getting sick. It may seem difficult at first, but when you carry extra medicine with you – if you are going to travel, keep logs of everything that you need and have constant contact with your doctor – you will find that your child and your family will be able to lead normal lives with little interruption.

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