What is Type 2 Diabetes, and how is it Diagnosed?
Getting answers from you doctor about Type 2 diabetes is great, but whether or not you understand what they are telling you is something completely different. The basis of Type 2 diabetes is that your body does not use your insulin correctly or has become resistant to it. When this happens, it keeps sugar or glucose from being able to get into the cells of your body, which they in order to function. When your doctor tells you that you are insulin resistant, this is what they are telling you. Ask for a better explanation if you do not understand.
It is possible that children can be diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes as well and it is becoming more and more common. If your child is at risk, be sure to have your pediatrician keep a close eye on them to catch it early. Those that are at the highest risk for the disease are those that are over the age of 45, anyone that is overweight and especially obese, females that have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, those with a family history of diabetes, those who are sedentary, and people who have high blood pressure. A combination of these can make the risk even greater.
Doctors are not 100% sure of what the causes of Type 2 diabetes are. It is most likely caused by a combination of factors rather than just one condition. Unfortunately, it is not a disease that jumps out and screams, “Here I am, now treat me.” However, when you know the symptoms to look out for you will have a better chance of getting to your doctor early and getting diagnosed.
Things to watch out for are blurry vision, a feeling of constantly being tired, feeling as though you are never full and always thirsty, unusually long healing times for injuries, and increased urination. These can lead to damaging complications if not treated. Although many of the signs and symptoms are related to other medical conditions, when one or more of these are present it is a good idea to get yourself tested for diabetes, as it is better to find out early whether or not you have it. If your tests come out negative, then you can address the concerns that you are having and find out just what it going on. Of course, if you are over 50 then the answer could simply be age. Our bodies don’t seem to want to function the way they did when we are young.
One of the most important things to remember is that early detection is crucial. The longer you go undiagnosed the more damage can occur to your body. Type 2 diabetes leads to many other medical conditions such as heart disease, liver disease and even problems with your kidneys. Many of these, in turn, can result in death. The sooner you are put on a treatment plan with medications, along with changing your diet diet and starting to exercise, the better off you will be.