Dairy Products Component and Diabetes
The American Diabetes Association has long advised diabetics and individuals to limit their consumption of fats and foods containing trans-palmitoleic acid, however, with the recent research studies performed by Harvard, cheese, ice cream, butter, whole and 2% milk should be incorporated into everyone’s diet. A rare acid, trans-palmitoleic acid is a fatty acid that comprises less than .2% of dairy fat. It is important to note that this type of acid compound can only be consumed in dairy products that are not fat-free. The acid falls into the trans-fat category, but it is strictly a means of taxonomy as this type of acid compound is a natural fat unlike trans-fats which are processed into foods such as chips, cookies and other snack foods. Fatty acids are carboxylic acids that have long aliphatic chains. Most fatty acids that are naturally occurring such as trans-palmitoleic acid have an even number of carbon atoms.
Fatty acids such as trans-palmitoleic acid are considered in both biology and chemistry to be important sources of fuel for the body as they produce large quantities of ATP, or Adenosine triphosphate; which is used as a coenzyme in cells. Fatty acids are consumed by the mitochondria to produce ATP via beta oxidation, which is the breaking down cycle in three distinctive stages that include: activation of fatty acids in the cytosol; transportation of fatty acids into the mitochondria and beta oxidation within the mitochondrial matrix. The ATP transports chemical energy with energy cells for metabolic processes. It is one of the fundamental necessities in cellular respiration and in many other cellular processes.
Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, a Professor at Harvard School of Public Health, suggested that no one should change their daily routine based solely on one study, however, the results from the study are promising that in order for a person to lower their risk of diabetes, trans-palmitoleic acid may be something that they need to consume. Mozaffarian and his colleagues at Harvard were confident that the results when analyzed could explain the reasons why certain individuals were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
There is also reason to suggest trans-palmitoleic acid may aid in lessening the effects of other diseases related to the heart. The Harvard School of Public Health examined roughly 3,736 individuals in a study performed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and found that metabolic risk factors such as blood glucose and insulin levels were significantly lower when they measured individuals who had the particular acid compound in their system.
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