The Relationship between Anti-oxidants in Coffee and Diabetes

There is a general belief that the antioxidants in coffee are beneficial in relieving some of the effects of type 2 diabetes, particularly inflammation. This has been the basis upon which many articles have been written that urges the drinking of coffee by people with diabetes. However, a new study has found that although drinking coffee has the effect of moderately reducing blood sugar levels, it does not reduce inflammation.

Diabetes is an order that is a result of the body’s inability to produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or to work with the insulin produced (type 2 diabetes). This is a problem because insulin is needed to break down the glucose in the body. When the body is unable to break down glucose effectively, it leads to high blood sugar, which in turn could lead to other complications. One of the problems that people with diabetes suffer from is high blood pressure.

Many studies have been proponents of the fact that coffee helps to reduce the blood pressure of people suffering from diabetes. However, the effect of coffee intake on diabetes seems to go beyond just a reduction of the blood pressure. According to the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, coffee may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. People who regularly drink coffee have a lower risk factor when it comes to getting diabetes. Although it is accepted that coffee can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, the way this works has remained a mystery to many.

Several theories have been proposed about the mechanism though which coffee affects metabolism in diabetics and one of those is that drinking coffee plays a distinctive role in glucose metabolism.  Another theory is that coffee aids weight loss, and since obesity puts a person in the risk factor for diabetes, anything that aids weight loss will definitely contribute to lowering the risk of diabetes. Yet another theory is that the antioxidants prevalent in coffee are responsible for lowering the risk of diabetes. This theory seems to have gained wide acceptance by many.

However, the major effect of antioxidants is to act as anti-inflammatory agents. They have been known for their ability to bring down and cool inflammations so that they are more or less associated with that function. Therefore, if it is shown that coffee does nothing for inflammation in people with type 2 diabetes, it can safely be concluded that the ability of coffee to lower the risk of diabetes has nothing to do with the antioxidants in it, and there is thus no relationship between the antioxidants in coffee and diabetes.

To pinpoint the exact role coffee plays in lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes would require more research and studies. The theories are just too numerous and divergent to be able to provide any concrete reason. One thing that is sure, though, is that drinking coffee moderately does indeed lower the risk of diabetes in most people. Why and how this happens is still a mystery, but more studies are conducted  each day and before long, the exact mechanism will emerge.

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