Lifestyle Changes and Insulin Resistance Treatment

Studies have shown that in the case of diabetes caused by insulin resistance, that is, Type 2 diabetes, a change in lifestyle is the best thing. Overall, when doctors focus on making sure that a patient changes his lifestyle, focusing on diet and exercise over first and foremost, the incidence of diabetes is reduced by almost sixty percent. This has been proven in numerous studies all over the world, and one of the main areas of diabetes research is comparing the effects of diet and exercise over medication or surgery alone.

The way these studies usually work is by dividing up the patients into a control group (one that receives only general health advice and standard diabetes treatment) and a group that receives a thorough intervention by the medical staff in regards to their living habits and lifestyle. To make sure that the test is more representative of an actual lifestyle change, the researches want the subjects to go through the most extensive lifestyle change possible for each case.

In almost every single one of these studies those subjects that underwent the intervention showed a marked change in relation with the control group. The change was most drastic in those subjects that went underwent the biggest lifestyle alterations. Subjects that did not actively undergo a lifestyle change and just received general health advice and treatment showed diabetes in about one third of the population, which is the normal rate for this high risk group. Weight loss, unlike what one would normally think, was not the absolute most important factor. Just a five percent loss of weight was enough to translate into an important change in the risk for diabetes. In most cases, the best reducer of diabetes risk was the commitment to physical activity. Taking part in a weekly exercise routine with a minimum number of hours significantly reduced diabetes risk in most patients in the study. It is important to note that changes in the lifestyles of obese patients or people in the study with a sedentary lifestyle also reduced the risk of cardiovascular disorders. Since these kinds of disorders are closely linked with diabetes, this is also an important thing to consider for patients at a risk for type 2 diabetes

Many doctors will argue that they do not bother to actively intervene in their patient’s lifestyle because it is too difficult in most cases. However, studies show that this is not the case most of the tame. Most studies show that most people with metabolic disorder and pre-diabetes are more than willing to take part in any kind of program focused on making their lifestyle healthier as long as it is available and within reach. Most of these studies show a remarkably low dropout rate and, after follow up studies, an also reasonably low rate of bouncing back in the patients. These are good news for almost everyone involved in diabetes treatment, except perhaps the pharmacological companies. These kinds of studies show that simple changes in diet and lifestyle can be much better than a strictly pharmacological approach in the treatment of early pre-diabetic symptoms.

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