Diabetes Among Males
Among diabetic patients, doctors say that males have a tendency to have more complications or problems related to diabetes than women do. According to the findings of the American Diabetes Association, among the males who develop the disease before they reach the age of 30, it is more likely that they will develop diabetic retinopathy. This condition is a complication of diabetes that can lead to blindness. Retinopathy is a medical term that refers to a certain kind of non-inflammatory damage to an individual’s retina. Diabetic retinopathy has four stages. During the first stages of the disease, this condition may not be noticeable. This is one of many reasons why men who have diabetes mellitus need to consult an EENT (eye, ear, nose, throat) specialist or an ophthalmologist so that they can be checked for if they have this condition.
Aside from having a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, diabetic males who suffer from peripheral vascular disease are two to three times more likely to encounter stroke, coronary heart disease, or cardiac failure. Peripheral vascular disease is a medical condition wherein the blood vessels in the legs and feet narrow or harden which leads to decreased and inefficient blood circulation.
Another thing that men with diabetes should look out for is the risk of diabetes-related amputations. According to studies, among males, the likelihood of amputation due to the disease is 1.4 to 2.7 times higher than in females. Several factors may lead to the amputation of certain body parts. These include infection, peripheral neuropathy, as well as deformity of the limbs. Amputation can be debilitating and may even cause depression among people who earn their living using their limbs.
Men with diabetes are also faced with other serious medical concerns, such as impotence, where the patient is not able to have an erection or keep it. Fortunately, for those who are worried about being impotent, several things can be done in order to prevent this from happening. One is to control their blood glucose levels and always monitor it in case it drops or shoots up dramatically. Diabetic males are also strongly recommended to avoid drinking alcoholic beverages in excessive amounts. In addition, patients are advised by doctors not to smoke, as this causes the narrowing of blood vessels that can then lead to an individual’s impotence.
In addition, according to a study, diabetes is linked to colon cancer among men but not in women. The research confirmed that patients suffering from type 2 diabetes have a high risk of contracting colon cancer, although the threat is somewhat less than what previous studies have suggested. What is more alarming is that, in general, males affected by diabetes are 24% more likely to have cancer later on in their lives compared with those that do not have diabetes. However, the reason behind these findings is still unknown. According to Peter T. Campbell, the lead author of the study published in the journal Gastroenterology, the link between colon cancer and diabetes among females is starting to fade. It is suggested that this is because diabetic women may have better control of their sugar levels than males.