What Is Hypoglycemia And How Do I Treat It?

HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia is the medical term for when your blood glucose levels are too low. As insulin helps cells absorb glucose from the blood, thereby reducing blood glucose levels, it is also known as “insulin reaction.” Even with strict blood testing discipline, hypoglycemia can still occur and if it is left untreated it can lead to severe complications. You should always know exactly what to do in cases of hypoglycemia and to check your blood glucose levels regularly.

If you are monitoring your blood glucose as often as you should (consult your physician about how often to check your blood glucose) then chances of hypoglycemia are much lower. Talk to your doctor about which readings on your blood glucose meter should be cause for worry and what you need to do in case the reading is too low. Even if you don’t have a scheduled check-up, if you start feeling some of the symptoms associated with hypoglycemia, you need to immediately test the levels of glucose in your blood. If your blood glucose meter reads that the levels are low, take action at that very same moment. Don’t wait. In fact, if you’re feeling the symptoms, but can’t check for some reason (which should never happen, you need to carry that blood glucose meter with you everywhere) you should go ahead and get yourself treated for hypoglycemia instead of waiting for the chance to test it first.

Treating hypoglycemia is pretty straightforward. You need to get some sugar into your system. The ones that are absorbed the fastest are simple sugars, so juice or candy is a good bet. You can take three glucose tablets, a bit of juice (about half a cup should do) or a few pieces of sugar candy (about six small pieces.) Always have some kind of sugar on you at all times so that hypoglycemia doesn’t catch you unaware. Talk to your nutritionist or physician about what kinds of things you can eat in case your blood glucose gets worryingly low.

Once you’ve eaten some sugar, you need to give your body some time to absorb it. Wait from 15 to 20 minutes and check your blood glucose levels. If they are still low, eat some more sugar and then wait again. Repeat this as often as necessary until your blood glucose levels are back to normal. An important part of being a diabetic is keeping strict control on your meals and snacks. You want your levels to remain stable at all times since your body has a hard time keeping control of them. This means that having regular planned meals is essential.

Do not underestimate hypoglycemia; it can affect your whole body very severely. If you don’t treat it immediately you will pass out and will have to be taken to the emergency room. A hypoglycemic patient that has passed out will probably need an injection of glucagon to recover consciousness. Glucagon immediately raises blood glucose levels so talk to your doctor so that you can have a glucagon injection with you always, in case of an emergency.

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