Insulin and Its Role in Diabetes Treatment
The main hormone involved in diabetes is insulin. Insulin helps our body to use the glucose that is in our bloodstream. It enables the glucose intake to the cells that need it so that it can be metabolized to generate energy.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the pancreas itself. The pancreas, specifically the beta cell, cannot release insulin anymore because of an autoimmune induced destruction. Therefore, in the early stages, there is less insulin available in the blood for the body to process. In Type 2 diabetes, the problem is insulin resistance. The insulin production is within the normal limit and has no abnormalities. However, there is some abnormality in the insulin receptors. The cell surface membrane blocks the cell from taking in the glucose. Both types of diabetes do need insulin to control the patient’s blood glucose level.
In diabetes Type 2, the need for insulin injections is the last choice of treatment. The first line of defense will be regular exercise and diet control. If those two lifestyle changes do not keep the diabetes in control, oral anti-diabetic medications can be used. If the drugs do not work to reduce the blood glucose level, then an insulin injection will be used. In Type 1 diabetes, the only course of treatment is the use of insulin injection. The most common parameter used to monitor blood glucose levels before administering insulin injection is the HbA1c. This test is used to monitor the glucose level in blood every three months. An insulin injection should be used if the level exceeds 8%. We sell A1C Test Kits starting @ $24.99.
Many diabetic patients prefer not to use insulin injections. This is because they have to inject themselves every day without being sure if an insulin shot is the best treatment for their current conditions. Of course, the best treatment is always the method suggested by their physician.
There are three types of insulin; rapid, intermediate, and long acting. Both can be used for diabetic treatment but each type has its own specific uses. They are many different types of insulin available and each of them has their own set of advantages and disadvantages. The rapid acting insulin is normally used for emergency cases where patient has lost consciousness due to a very high glucose level in the blood. This is called a diabetic coma. The intermediate and long acting insulin are normally used for patients with low compliance or when oral drugs did not give a response.
It is advisable to monitor glucose blood levels regularly while taking insulin injections to ensure the best treatment. The insulin can lower the glucose level to below the normal range. This condition is called hypoglycemia. If this situation occurs, the patient will experience symptoms such as sweating, hungriness, dizziness, and may lose consciousness. Every insulin injection user must know the details about this emergency situation. Prompt treatment will be needed to overcome this problem. Drinking something sweet will help. If the patient is unconscious, they should be taken as quickly as possible to the nearest medical center.