Neuropathy And Diabetes
A condition where there is a disorder in the nerves caused by diabetes is referred to as diabetic neuropathy. Nerves found in feet and in the legs are easily affected by this condition. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics can develop this condition.
There are four ways to classify diabetic Neuropathy:
- That which causes pain in the feet, arms toes, legs and hands is called the Peripheral Neuropathy. This is the most common of them all.
- That which controls the operation of the heart beat, blood pressure and digestion is called the Autonomic Neuropathy. It impairs the sexual alertness of men and women.
- The cause of muscles feeling generally weak and being in pain is referred to as Focal Neuropathy.
- When the thigh, hip and buttocks are experiencing pain or numbness, it is called the Proximal Neuropathy. This, however, is not very common.
Not every diabetic patient develops neuropathy. But generally speaking, it can be caused by:
- Genetic factors: Someone in the family may have had the condition or someone presently has the condition but they do not know about it.
- Blood sugar remaining high for a long time. As some people do not take regular checks on their sugar levels, the sugar level can remain unnecessarily high. This condition can cause the development of neuropathy.
- Persistently high cholesterol levels are a precursor to the development of this condition. Cholesterol levels should always be kept within the desirable range.
- Injury to some particular nerves is likely to lead to the development of this condition.
- If a diabetic is engaged in activities such as smoking cigarettes or consuming alcohol, they can develop neuropathy. It is strongly recommended to stay away from these habits.
This condition can be prevented and in some cases treated. If your sugar levels are within the acceptable range, then that is good prevention. For treatment, work with your doctor to bring the sugar levels back into the acceptable limits.
Whether you are preventing or treating neuropathy, you need to take good care of your feet. Any unusual appearances on your feet should be immediately reported to your doctor. This should be done after a thorough inspection of your feet each day, preferably by the use of a mirror. Never walk bare-foot and avoid shoes or sandals that expose toes to injury.
You should always be in touch with your doctor to give you the necessary treatment you will require to address this condition. There have been cases where neuropathy has not been dealt with as is required. In most cases, either the patient was negligent about it or the medical personnel took too long to diagnose it. If this happens then it is likely that more serious repercussions could occur. This can include eye diseases commonly referred to as retinopathy or kidney disease also known as nephropathy. In either case, you need to discuss with your doctor about the possibility of seeing a specialist for either condition.