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A urine test strip is an easy to use diagnostic tool used to analyze the qualities of a patient’s urine and indicate many possible complications if present. A standard urine test strip is made up of several different reagents that change color when put into contact with a urine sample. Depending on the nature of the test, urinalysis is generally a very short process. Most tests will produce results within minutes. Testing for the presence of proteins, ketones, glucose, hemoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen, acetone, nitrite and leucocytes is a routine method of identifying disease. Urinalysis strips are a great tool to get an idea of the metabolic, liver, and kidney function sanctity of a patient, as well as their overall health. It is also a very cost-effective method!

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What Do Urinalysis Test Strips Test?

Ketone

Ketone tests are especially important in the monitoring of type 1 diabetes. The presence of ketones in urine is referred to as ketonuria and indicates insulin deficiency. False negatives can occur in this test when improperly stored.

Leukocytes

Leukocytes, also known as white blood cells, may be detected in urine as indication of a possible Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). The presence of leukocytes in urine is called pyuria. A healthy patient would test negative for leukocytes in their urine.

Nitrites

The presence of nitrites in urine indicates the presence of bacteria. This test can indicate the presence of a UTI, like leukocyte testing. A healthy patient would test negative for nitrite in their urine.

Protein

Protein tests generally test for the presence of kidney disease. Protein in urine is referred to as Proteinuria, which is often associated with early renal disease. A healthy patient will have very low levels of protein in their urine, speak to a doctor about what levels should cause concern.

pH

pH is the measure of acidity or basicity of a solution. The scale of neutrality on the pH scale is 0-14, with 0 being the most basic solution, 7 being the most neutral solution, and 14 being the most acidic solution. The pH of your urine varies during the day, with a value normally ranging from 4.8 to 9. It is generally more acidic in the morning and alkaline in the afternoon and night. The measurement of pH can detect kidney stones. Speak to a doctor about healthy ranges for the pH or your urine, especially if you notice odd pH values being detected.

Blood

Blood in urine is referred to as hematuria, which can be caused by a number of things including a UTI, kidney infection, complication with medication, and more. A healthy patient would not have blood in their urine. Contact a doctor immediately if you notice blood in your urine.

Specific Gravity

This test is an evaluation of the body’s hydration and urine concentration. It will help evaluate kidney function, as one of the kidney’s most important jobs is the reabsorption of water after glomerular filtration. Speak to a doctor about healthy results from a specific gravity test.

Bilirubin

Bilirubin is the breakdown of hemoglobin. This test is often used, like Urobilinogen, to test for liver disease. It is also used to detect instances of clinical jaundice. A healthy patient would test negative for bilirubin in their urine.

Urobilinogen

Urobilinogen is the breakdown of bilirubin and can indicate a deterioration of liver function if excreted. This is because deterioration in liver function will reduce the liver’s ability to process recirculated urobilinogen and as a result it will appear in urine. A healthy patient will have very low levels to absence of urobilinogen in their urine, speak to a doctor about what levels should cause concern.

Glucose

Glucose in urine is an indicator of both diabetes and glycosuria.

Ascorbic Acid

Patients taking supplements of vitamin C may have large amounts of ascorbic acid in their urine. This can alter the results of some of the following chemical test strips:

• Glucose
• Blood
• Bilirubin
• Nitrite